Week1: Course Introduction and Effective Word Choice Test 1

1、 问题: ____ form the basis of English vocabulary.
选项:
A:Formal words
B:Common words
C:Colloquial words
D:Slang words
答案: 【Common words

2、 问题:____ are very informal words used especially by particular groups of people.
选项:
A:Formal words
B:Common words
C:Colloquial words
D:Slang words
答案: 【Slang words

3、 问题:______ are learned words, or literary words, or big words.
选项:
A:Formal words
B:Common words
C:Colloquial words
D:Slang words
答案: 【Formal words

4、 问题:______ are usually used in casual and informal conversation.
选项:
A:Formal words
B: Common words
C: Colloquial words
D:Slang words
答案: 【 Colloquial words

5、 问题:All three of these following expressions refer to exactly the same people, but they will invoke different associations in the reader’s mind:1. There are over 2,000 vagrants in the city.2. There are over 2,000 people with no fixed address in the city.3. There are over 2,000 homeless in the city.Which of the following item shows the correct feelings?
选项:
A:negative, neutral, positive
B:negative, positive, neutral
C:positive, neutral, negative
D:neutral, negative, positive
答案: 【negative, neutral, positive

6、 问题:Lady Yang, being _____, became the apple in the eyes of Emperor Xuanzong.
选项:
A:fat
B:plump
C:thin
D:skinny
答案: 【plump

7、 问题:This dress is ___ . You see, its material is low-end and crumples easily.
选项:
A:expensive
B:overpriced
C:costly
D:precious
答案: 【overpriced

8、 问题:After brainstorming, she first came up with __ ideas that really worked for the project.
选项:
A:innovative
B:crazy
C:foolish
D:insane
答案: 【innovative

9、 问题:If you become too ______ in the games playing, you may fail in the final exam.
选项:
A:obsessed
B:focused
C:determined
D:stubborn
答案: 【obsessed

10、 问题:Choose those that are connotations of the word “dog”.
选项:
A:friendly
B:domestic animal
C:barking
D:faithful
E:wicked
F:a pet
G:a quadruped
答案: 【friendly;
faithful;
wicked

11、 问题:Choose those that are connotations of the word “ocean”.
选项:
A:a large body of salt water that covers approximately 70% of the earth’s surface
B:appears different shades of blue
C:often with waves and currents
D:contains various types of plant and marine animal life
E:peace
F:tranquility
G:expansiveness
H:the unknown
I:the power of nature
答案: 【peace;
tranquility;
expansiveness;
the unknown;
the power of nature

12、 问题:“NBA player” is more general than “Kobe Bryant”.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

13、 问题:“Stroll” is more specific than “walk”.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

14、 问题:“Cry” is more general than “sob”.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

15、 问题:“Furious” is a specific word when compared with the word “angry”.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

16、 问题:Plain, direct writing is the most effective way to express your ideas.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

17、 问题:“Assertive” vs. “Pushy”: Being Assertive usually has positive connotations (being confident, decisive, letting your views be known) whereas Pushy has a negative connotation (being excessively assertive to the point of aggression or annoyance).
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

18、 问题:“Group” vs. “Mob”: A Mob has a negative connotation of an unruly group, often with a violent purpose, whereas Group is neutral, and just means a number of people or things which are together.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

19、 问题:“Disabled” vs. “Retarded”: Retarded is the accepted way to refer to someone with a handicap, Disabled, on the other hand, is considered offensive with very negative connotations and should not be used.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【错误
分析:【The opposite is true.】

20、 问题:“Curious” vs. “Nosy”: Nosy has a positive connotation, implying that the person is eager to know and learn. Curious, on the other hand, implies a negative way of being overly curious or prying into other people’s business.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【错误

21、 问题:“Scent” vs. “Stench”: Both words mean “smell,” but Scent is often used to describe good smells (flowers, baked goods, etc.) while Stench connotes a negative smell.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

22、 问题:“Economical” vs. “Stingy”: Both words describe something or someone who is frugal with money; however, economical (being smart with money) has a positive connotation and stingy has a negative one (often used to describe someone who is greedy or selfish with their money).
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

23、 问题:“Fired” vs. “Laid off”: Both words are used to describe losing one’s job. Laid off has a negative connotation (the person did something wrong) whereas Fired suggests a reason where the person losing their job was not at fault.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【错误
分析:【The oppositive is true.】

24、 问题:“Protest” vs. “Riot”: Protest has a more peaceful connotation, referring to something lawful whereas Riot is often used to connote a violent gathering of people who may be breaking the law.
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

25、 问题:“Youthful” vs. “Childish”: Both describe the state of being similar to a child, but Youthful has a positive connotation (vibrant, lively, energetic) and Childish has a negative connotation (immature, juvenile, having the emotional maturity of a child)
选项:
A:正确
B:错误
答案: 【正确

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