- Unit 1 How to Be an Effective Learner Unit 1 Exercise
- Unit 2 How to Ask Questions Critically Unit 2 Exercise
- Unit 3 How to Take Notes Unit 3 Exercise
- Unit 4 How to Make a Definition Unit 4 Exercise
- Unit 5 How to Reason by Causality Unit 5 Exercise
- Unit 6 How to Communicate with Examples Unit 6 Exercise
- Unit 7 How to Reason by Principle Unit 7 Exercise
- Unit 8 How to Argue Effectively Unit 8 Exercise
- Unit 9 How to Refute an Argument Unit 9 Exercise
- Unit 10 How to Identify Fallacies Unit 10 Exercise
- Unit 11 How to Summarize Effectively Unit 11 Exercise
1、 问题:An active listener ________.
A:jumps to conclusions about the speaker’s meaning
B:engages with the speaker
C:tries to recall everything the speaker says
D:is apt to be affected by physical distractions
答案: 【engages with the speaker】
2、 问题:When you read critically, you are ________.
A:criticizing the writer
B:trying to memorize what is written
C:revising the writing
D:analyzing the evidence and the arguments
答案: 【analyzing the evidence and the arguments 】
3、 问题:To be a critical reader, you must be ________ first.
A:clear about your own purpose in reading
B:clear about your personal interest
C:clear about the writer’s writing style
D:clear about the strategies of critical reading
答案: 【clear about your own purpose in reading 】
4、 问题:Which of the following statements is correct?
A:Public speaking can be applied to many occasions in our life.
B:Great public speakers do not feel nervous.
C:A speaker tries to memorize the speech when he/she is in practice.
D:Using complicated language helps you to be a successful speaker.
答案: 【Public speaking can be applied to many occasions in our life.】
5、 问题:What is the speaker mainly trying to do in a job interview?
A:The speaker is trying to enlighten the audience.
B:The speaker is trying to entertain the audience.
C:The speaker is trying to persuade and convince the audience.
D:The speaker is trying to teach something to the audience.
答案: 【The speaker is trying to persuade and convince the audience.】
1、 问题:All thinking is defined by the __ that make it up.
答案: 【eight elements】
2、 问题:To think better we need to ___.
A:borrow other’s opinions and make a list of them
B:identify the components of thinking by asking essential questions
C:ask somebody to help us with our questions
D:list the questions
答案: 【identify the components of thinking by asking essential questions】
3、 问题:The logic of decision-making is determined by___.
A:the consequences of the decision
B:the probability of success of the decision
C:the need to make a decision and the consequences that follow that need
D:the need to make a decision and the probability of success
答案: 【the need to make a decision and the consequences that follow that need】
4、 问题:The goal of decision-making is to decide between some set of alternatives, the one ______.
A:that mostly benefits ourselves as well as others
B:that is easy for us to make achievement
C:that is within our budget
D:that is the most challenging for us
答案: 【that mostly benefits ourselves as well as others】
5、 问题:With intellectual standards, the evaluation of reasoning that we make will ___.
A:come from personal preference
B:be accepted universally
C:be accepted by part of the audience
D:come from different opinions
答案: 【be accepted universally】
1、 问题:What does TED stand for?
A:Topic, explanation, and details.
B:Technology, education, and design.
C:Think, elaborate, and define.
D:Theme, example, and debate.
答案: 【Topic, explanation, and details. 】
2、 问题:When we take notes, it is important for us to _____ before we go into details.
A:get the big picture of the message
B:jot down the credentials of the author
C:identify the faults in the speaker’s logic
D:look for linguistic signposts between main points
答案: 【get the big picture of the message】
3、 问题:The strength of Cornell Note-taking system lies with its______.
4、 问题:When we take notes, we can use__ to show relationship among ideas.
A:photos of the instructor’s ppt slides with drawings
B:headings and bullet points in indented outlines
C:pens of different colors and symbols
D:questions and summaries
答案: 【headings and bullet points in indented outlines】
5、 问题:When we take notes while reading a research paper, we need to___ .
A:make sure that we understand everything
B:find answers to the questions in the abstract
C:focus on the conclusion of the findings
D:know the general construction of a paper
答案: 【know the general construction of a paper】
1、 问题:According to our lecture, there are generally three types of definition. They are sentence definition, _, and definition essay.
答案: 【extended definition 】
2、 问题: According to Webster dictionary, definition means a statement expressing the __ of something.
B:similarity and difference
答案: 【essential nature】
3、 问题: Which of the following is the best definition of “dictionary”?
A:A dictionary is the reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.
B:The dictionary is the reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.
C:The dictionary is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.
D:A dictionary is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.
答案: 【A dictionary is a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them.】
4、 问题:Compared with the sentence definition, extended definition consists of _.
A:more data and figures
D:more content and ample information
答案: 【more content and ample information】
5、 问题: From which perspective is the following definition given? A spacecraft is a vehicle, vessel or machine designed to fly in outer space. It is used for a variety of purposes, including communications, earth observation, meteorology, navigation, planetary exploration and transportation of humans and cargo.
1、 问题:Which of the following is a possible cause of the event “the high speed train is underdeveloped in the US”?
A:Americans don’t like the high speed train.
B:Highway network is advanced.
C:The geography is unsuitable for the high speed train.
D:The high speed train damages environment.
答案: 【Highway network is advanced.】
2、 问题:Which of the following is a possible effect of online shopping?
A:Fewer people go to shopping malls.
C:Youngsters have eyesight problems.
D:Women spend more than men.
答案: 【Fewer people go to shopping malls.】
3、 问题:When we evaluate the causal relationship between Spring Festival and consumption, which of the following places can test the simultaneous absence of the cause and effect?